How to build your own pond

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Mar

08

build your own pond

How To Build Your Own Pond

 

Introduction

Want to know how to build your own pond? They are beautiful features in any backyard space.  Here are some key points when considering a garden pond.

 

How To Build Your Own Pond.  Step-By-Step Guide

 

1.  Pond Type

It is important to choose a pond that will match the style of your garden and meet your needs.  Are you more interested in aquatic plants or fish? Or do you want a mixture of both? Are you going to add a bridge, beach or waterfall? How about a stream? There are so many different things you can add to your pond that you must make a decision up front, so your pond will turn out exactly as you want it to.

 

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2.  Location

Location of a pond is very important.  First, you want to be able to see it, plus it would be nice if you could enjoy it from inside the house as well.  You want it to be in an area with proximity to a grounded exterior power outlet so you can easily plug in the pump.  You want to avoid areas with major root systems that you won’t be able to dig through.

 

 It is common for ponds to be located in a sunny area of the garden.  Sunlight is critical for the health of plants and fish within ponds.  Most importantly all garden ponds should be placed in a location where you can see it on a daily basis and enjoy it.  Wherever you choose, make sure rain run- off from patios or roofs won’t affect the pond.  Also ensure the pond is not located  too close to trees that could cause roots to piece the lining of your pond.  Make sure the pond will be free from fallen leaves to could block out the sunlight to your pond, causing pond life to suffer as a consequence.

 

3.  Dig the Pond

Do research such as checking house plans before you dig.  You don’t want to be digging and encounter a sewer or gas line!

 

Make sure to use a pond liner. Simply contact your local pond contractor and ask which liner would best suit your needs for your pond.  If you are based in the UK then we recommend Build Base.  There are several types of liners available such as PVC, pre-formed, or concrete. The liner that best suits your needs will help prevent any of the contents of your pond from escaping.

 

Once you have your perfect area, you can map out your pond whatever shape and size you’d like with rope. Experts recommend that you make a pond 7 ‘x 4’ to keep the water clean and they also say that you should dig on a slope so that if your water freezes, it will push up and not against the liner which can damage it.

 

Now that you know where your pond will go then you need to start digging it. You want to dig a shelf around the perimeter, and then you want to dig the rest of the pond on a slope so that it will be designed properly.

 

Next step is to level the edges, and then it’ll be time to cover the whole bottom with 1″ layer of sand, and to that, you add a layer of newspaper. If some stones or roots are making the paper bulge, this is the time to remove them.

 

Once the base is set, you can put in your liner. Remember to keep smoothing it out as you go.  When you start to fill the pond, gently tug at the sides to ensure the liner does not fold in on its self.

 

4.  Decorate Your Pond

Now your pond is filled, and after you have installed the pump, it’s time to make it pretty.  Although the décor of your pond will depend upon the style you choose.  It is generally good to start with flat rocks in a layer that will hold the liner in place and then add another layer staggering the edges to make an appealing border.

 

5.  Equipment

You can now place the water supply, lighting and filters in the location that is best suited to the eye and the equipment are functional. If not you will have to move them around until you find the ideal location. Once you find the ideal location, connect them to your electrical supply. Then simply make a drainage system for the pond.

 

6.  Add Water, Fish and Plants

To add water, just run your garden hose to the area and start filling your new pond. You want to pay attention to the pond and look for any leaks. If there are no leaks, your job is done. You can then add plants and fish if you so desire. Plants can give your pond an even more pleasing look. If you decide to add plants give them a week to settle before adding any fish. If you would like to add fish start with one and seek the advice from your local aquarium store on how many fish can thrive per the dimensions of your pond.

7.  Preventing Problems

To prevent pond problems, always make it a point that you put your new fish in quarantine before you put them into your current population. Watch out for illnesses such as KHV, as they show little or no symptoms at all.

 

Quarantining the new ones will help in reducing the risk and possibility of exposing your current population to harmful situations. Perform weekly water testing, this will help you observe the differences in the test results before your pond will show symptoms of stress (which can save both your fish and your pond).

 

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